Design & development of PFC using boost converter: Power Factor Correction

2 September 2023 By

Design & development of PFC using boost converter: Power Factor Correction

Design & development of PFC using boost converter: Power Factor Correction

Power Factor Correction (PFC) is a technique used in electrical systems to improve their efficiency and reduce energy consumption. One of the commonly used methods for PFC is the boost converter.

What is Power Factor Correction?

Power Factor (PF) is the ratio of real power to apparent power in an electrical system. It represents the efficiency of the system in converting electrical energy into useful work. A low power factor indicates that the system is not utilizing the supplied power effectively, leading to wastage of energy.

Power Factor Correction is the process of improving the power factor of an electrical system. It involves the use of devices or techniques that minimize reactive power and maximize real power, resulting in a higher power factor.

How does a boost converter work for PFC?

A boost converter is a type of DC-DC converter that steps up the input voltage to a higher output voltage. In the context of PFC, a boost converter is used to shape the input current waveform to be in phase with the input voltage waveform.

By controlling the duty cycle of the boost converter, the average input current can be made to follow the shape of the input voltage, thereby achieving a high power factor. This is done by adjusting the duty cycle based on the instantaneous value of the input voltage.

Advantages of using a boost converter for PFC:

  1. Improved power factor: The boost converter helps in achieving a power factor close to unity, resulting in efficient utilization of electrical power.
  2. Reduced energy consumption: By improving the power factor, the energy wastage in the system is minimized, leading to reduced energy consumption.
  3. Compliance with regulations: Many countries have regulations in place to ensure a minimum power factor for electrical systems. Using a boost converter for PFC helps in meeting these regulatory requirements.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q: Can PFC be implemented in both AC and DC systems?

A: Yes, PFC can be implemented in both AC and DC systems. However, the techniques and devices used may vary depending on the system.

Q: What are the other methods of Power Factor Correction?

A: Apart from boost converters, other methods of Power Factor Correction include buck-boost converters, active power filters, and passive power factor correction techniques.


Power Factor Correction using a boost converter is an effective technique to improve the efficiency of electrical systems. By achieving a high power factor, energy wastage is minimized, resulting in reduced energy consumption and compliance with regulatory requirements. Implementing PFC can lead to significant cost savings and environmental benefits.