Kirchenasyl: Zeitgeschichtliche und rechtliche Aspekte

4 September 2023 By

Kirchenasyl: Zeitgeschichtliche und rechtliche Aspekte

Kirchenasyl: Zeitgeschichtliche und rechtliche Aspekte


Kirchenasyl, also known as church asylum, is a practice where churches provide sanctuary to individuals facing deportation or other forms of persecution. This article explores the historical and legal aspects of Kirchenasyl, shedding light on its origins, current legal framework, and its significance in protecting vulnerable individuals.

Origins of Kirchenasyl

Kirchenasyl has its roots in medieval Europe when churches were considered sacred spaces where individuals seeking refuge could find protection. The concept gained prominence during the Reformation period when religious conflicts led to the persecution of dissenters. Churches became safe havens for those seeking shelter from religious and political persecution.

Legal Framework

In modern times, the practice of Kirchenasyl operates within a legal framework that varies across different countries. In Germany, for example, churches have the right to grant temporary protection to individuals facing deportation. This right is based on the constitutional guarantee of religious freedom and the principle of human dignity.

Conditions for Kirchenasyl

  1. The individual must be at risk of serious harm or persecution if deported.
  2. The church must have a legitimate reason to believe that the individual’s human rights will be violated in their home country.
  3. The church must provide evidence supporting the individual’s claim for protection.
Significance of Kirchenasyl

Kirchenasyl plays a crucial role in protecting vulnerable individuals who may not qualify for asylum under existing legal frameworks. It provides a temporary reprieve, allowing individuals to gather evidence and present their case for protection. Moreover, Kirchenasyl raises awareness about flaws in the immigration system and advocates for fair and just treatment of all individuals.

Frequently Asked Questions
  1. Is Kirchenasyl recognized by international law?
  2. Kirchenasyl is not explicitly recognized by international law, but it aligns with the principles of religious freedom and human rights.

  3. How long can Kirchenasyl last?
  4. Kirchenasyl can last for several months or even years, depending on the individual’s circumstances and the progress of their legal case.

  5. Are there any risks associated with Kirchenasyl?
  6. While Kirchenasyl provides temporary protection, it does not guarantee long-term security. Individuals may still face deportation once their case is reviewed by the authorities.


Kirchenasyl is a practice rooted in history and driven by the desire to protect vulnerable individuals. It operates within a legal framework that recognizes the importance of religious freedom and human dignity. By providing sanctuary, Kirchenasyl offers a lifeline to those facing deportation or persecution, giving them an opportunity to fight for their rights and seek justice.